Welding is an essential process in many industries, including the oil, gas and petroleum industry. In fact, it is estimated that over 44 million gallons of oil and 240 million cubic meters of natural gas are transmitted every day through pipelines. This means that having a robust and reliable welding process is paramount when it comes to pipeline construction and repair.
But what type of welding is used for pipeline and how does it work? In this article, we will be looking at how welding is used in pipeline construction and repair and why this particular welding process is the preferred method.
We will also dive into the technical aspects of welding and discuss which welding machines are used for the job. Finally, we will also look into the safety measures that must be taken when welding pipelines. So let’s get started!
What Type Of Welding Is Used For Pipeline?Pipeline welds are essential and help companies keep up with the demands of the energy industry.
Welds need to be of a high quality and reliable performance to ensure the integrity of their lines. So, what welding process is used for these pipelines?
Common Welding Processes Used For PipelinesThere are several welding processes often used for pipelines, depending on the environment and the requirements.
- Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW): Also known as stick welding, this is a versatile process that can be used for a wide range of welding applications. It offers an economical solution for many welding projects.
- Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW): Commonly referred to as TIG welding, this process involves welding with a tungsten electrode. It is used when precise and high-quality welds are required.
- Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW): Also known as MIG welding, this process is based upon the GMAW process.
It is used in many welding applications, but especially pipelines.
- Flux-Cored Arc Welding (FCAW): This is a type of GMAW welding process. It uses a wire which is wrapped in flux and used to weld.
It is a versatile process that can be used in many welding applications.
- Submerged Arc Welding (SAW): This is a process in which an arc is created between an electrode and the workpiece.
It is used for welding thicker sections of pipe.