Welders across many industries must constantly perfect their skill. It’s an art where precision is of the utmost importance, and even the slightest mistake can have catastrophic results. To craft strong welds, it requires the utmost attention to detail and careful evaluation of each joint.
A key evaluation point for welders is to look for undercut, one of the most common welding defects. So, what is undercut in welding – and why is it a problem?
With 25% of welds containing some form of undercut, understanding how to identify and avoid it is key to quality welds. In this article, we will take a deep dive into what undercut is and how to prevent it in your welding process.
What is Undercut in Welding?Undercut in welding is a type of defect where there is a groove made that extends along the weld line given by the weld metal. This type of undercut is usually caused when the arc weld metal becomes too hot, thus burning its way through the parent metal and forming this type of defect.
Such a defect can lead to a decrease in tensile strength and poor quality welds. It is essential to identify and mend undercut in welding to make sure the weld meets standards.
What Causes Undercut in Welding?Undercut in welding is typically caused by any of the following reasons:
- Using the wrong equipment for welding that does not generate the right amount of heat.
- Poor welding technique.
- Usage of incorrect wires.
- Incorrect preheats.
- Keeping the arc way too long.
What Are the Effects of Undercut in Welding?Any such defects can lead to a decrease in welding strength and a decrease in the integrity of the welds.
It can also cause the welds to crack when subjected to increasing stress. This can further lead to a decrease in overall efficiency of the welds, thus making them unusable or dangerous.
< h2>How to Fix Undercut in Welding?Undercut in welding can be mitigated by:
- Using the right type of equipment for welding.
- Cleaning the plate or material to be welded before welding.
- Adjusting the amperage of the welding machine to keep it at the right levels.
- Keeping the torch in the right position and using the right technique.
- Maintaining the duration of thewelding arc.