Welding is an essential part of metal fabrication and engineering. In fact, it’s estimated that
5 million people in the U. S. alone are employed in welding trades.
It’s no wonder welding is so popular; it’s a skill that can be used for a variety of applications, from automotive work to construction. But when it comes to choosing the best type of welding for beginners, there are a few considerations to keep in mind. What’s more, there are more than 17 types of welding processes, each offering unique benefits and challenges.
Let’s explore what’s the best type of welding for beginners, the pros and cons, and how to get started.
What is Welding?Welding is the process of joining two pieces of metal or thermoplastics by melting them together.
In the process of welding, an electric current and filler material are used to produce heat which fuses the materials together. Welding is used to make items such as cars, ships, buildings, aircraft, and other industrial and consumer products.
What are the Different Types of Welding?
There are several different types of welding, each with its own unique characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. Here are some of the most popular types of welding:
Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)Also known as “stick welding,” shielded metal arc welding is the most basic type of welding and is often the first one that welders learn.
It is one of the most versatile welding processes and can be used on any type of metal, including aluminum and stainless steel. It is also relatively inexpensive, making it a popular choice for welders on a budget.
Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)Gas metal arc welding, or MIG welding, is one of the easiest types of welding to learn.
It involves the use of an electric arc to create a heated weld pool, which is then protected by a gas shield. This type of welding is often used for non-ferrous metals like aluminum, and it can also be used on stainless steel and other exotic materials.
Flux Cored Arc Welding (FCAW)Flux cored arc welding, or FCAW, is an advanced welding process that uses an electric arc to create a weld pool.
It is similar to MIG welding, but it uses a flux-cored wire instead of a solid one. This wire contains flux, which creates a shielding gas that helps protect the weld pool and prevents oxidation.
This type of welding is often used on heavy duty applications like shipbuilding and structural steel work.