. The Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925 received national attention as a pivotal case regarding the conflict between religion and science. It pitted William Jennings Bryan, who defended traditional religious beliefs, against Clarence Darrow, who argued for science.
The case revolved around John T. Scopes, who was accused of violating Tennessee’s Butler Act by teaching evolution in a public school.
Ultimately, Scopes was found guilty and fined, but the case highlighted the need for scientific advancement in the United States.