. Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral infection that is caused by the monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus family.
It is predominantly found in countries in Central and West Africa, where it is transmitted to humans through contact with the wild animals that carry the virus, such as primates, squirrels, and rats. In humans, the virus causes an illness that is similar to human smallpox, but usually less serious. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash.
In some cases, complications such as pneumonia or eye inflammation may occur. Treatment is generally supportive, such as pain medication and fluids, and the risk of serious illness or death is low.