Monkeypox is not a very common infection and is generally limited to Central and West Africa. It is acquired by direct contact with an animal or human that is already infected, or through contact with contaminated materials such as bedding, clothing, and objects.
In rare cases, mosquitoes and other insects may also transmit the virus. Treatment is limited to supportive care, such as rest, fluids, and fever-reducing medications. Vaccines are available in certain countries.